ABOUT CLASSICAL MUSIC IN GERMANY
Hello, classical music community.
Today I am going to speak about classical music in Germany and its origins. Germany has a long tradition in classical music. Anybody who came into contact with music knows the names of Bach, Beethoven, Händel, Mozart or Brahms, and every musician played their works! The list of names is even longer, but do you know why so many famous composers came from Germany?
The reason is the history of Germany. Germany is a very young country; it was founded in 1871 by Bismark. Up until then Germany was divided into many small kingdoms. The monarchs wanted to raise their standing within the kingdoms by supporting theaters and orchestras. They engaged court musicians who composed music for them. It was a competition to attract the best people! The goal of the kings was to consolidate their power and the music was a powerful tool to help them. The court society had sophisticated ways and they learnt good taste in the arts and how to discern the good music. So these small kingdoms were enormous talent scouts that brought out the world famous stars like Bach and Beethoven.
Here is some music geography for you. The Name of Mozart is connected with the history of Augsburg, Munich and Vienna. Beethoven – with Bonne, Vienna, Bach with Eisenach, Leipzig, Robert Schumann Düsseldorf, Zwickau, Leipzig, Brahms with Hamburg, Vienna …
And even the Kings were musicians. Here is King Friedrich the Second II who is playing his own compositions for flute.
(listen to his music on my salon video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SmzwMXpvDmM)
And perhaps some of you know the story of King Ludwig the 2 of Bavaria and opera composer Richard Wagner who had long lasting friendship. Ludwig the 2 was a big fan of music, literature and the fine arts and built many castles, …The King Ludwig 2 financed the premiere of Wagner Opera in the National Opera of Munich… and especially the creation of “Ring of Niebelungen”… This is the best example how the politics and the music can go hand in hand together. Sadly enough, the State of Bavaria did not approve of the king Ludwig musical tastes.
German musical roots are so strong that they are still reflected in the music life of German society. Germany has very vivid music life now with 130 professional orchestras and more than 40 music festivals, 80 publicly financed music theaters with the leading opera houses in Hamburg, Berlin, Dresden , München, Frankfurt am Main, Stuttgart and Leipzig.
Thank you so much for watching me.