What recent scientific studies tell us about the effects of listening to music

jange austen hands

There are many articles about the benefits of learning a music instrument and playing but what about listening to music? In the Internet you can find scientific studies concerning the influence of music on our health. They all show that music appreciation activities have many positive aspects.
Music consumption activates reward centers in our brain similar to chocolate and helps to release dopamine and reduce anxiety and stress and even ease the pain. Some scientists say that the pain-alleviating benefit comes from the fact that listening to music distracts you from concentrating on the pain. Depending on their character, some people can be easily absorbed in their activities and they respond faster to music by experiencing all forgetting state of mind, something we would call a flow. The extreme form of it is described by Beethoven biographers, they call it Raptus, a trance-like state when he was listening to music or composing his own.
The effects of listening to music can be compared to a purring of a cat –some research showed that music can lower blood pressure and ease muscle tension. Researchers from Finland did a study on the recovery of patients after a stroke and could witness a speedy recovery of those patients who would be listening to music for 2 hours a day. We all experienced that a right music in the morning can put you in a better mood and give you more energy.
Vocal music has more direct influence on our brains. Singing to a baby has been a tradition and Dutch scientists found out that the ability to discern rhythmical patterns and pitches is inborn and they say that listening to singing or soothing music can even be the first language lesson for a child and even help to prevent the language problems in the future. Later at school teachers would often see the correlation between high language proficiency and good music abilities.
The use of music for sports is well known too, we can run faster when listening to music, our body gets in tunes with the beats and keeping the rhythm can help us to keep on moving even after we are exhausted. The pleasing factor of music can be observed in fitness centers, shopping centers and even by telephone music.
But where to start? There are thousands of different music suggestions in youtube. For activity that would require high energy like running you could find youtube suggestions with fast pop music, with the strong beats.The relaxation music would often be electronic and use isochronic tones: tones that are turned on and off with the aim of causing brainwave frequencies to fall into step with a periodic stimulus having the same frequency as the intended brain-state . The isochronic tones can be incorporated in the classical symphony recording too. BILD
But what about use of classical music for studies as a boost for concentration and clearer and faster thinking?
While writing this video blog I was also listening to this compilation of Mozart piano concertos.

In comparison with the Lang Lang or Valentina Lisitsa youtubes, these classical music compilations have 4 times more clicks and we are speaking about millions! Interesting observation about these youtubes: there are no names of artists, no composers other than Mozart or Beethoven, no dates of recording, but thousands of positive comments.
And now my question to you is: what time of the day do you listen to music and what kind of music is it? It would be great if you could share your opinion with me at www.movingclassics.tv


Posted in Piano and tagged , ,

A short essay on the political influences of the elite to suppress tonal music


Composing is always something of a gamble for a composer unless (s)he’s already well-established. The first thing any composer has to decide on is what idiom they are going to write in. The smart money is on very intense post-modernistic atonality and the more atonal, the better. As always, it’s a very individual thing. Some composers can adapt tonality to a slight degree but however they choose to do it, ultimately they must please the powerful men and women who rule the classical music industry with an iron fist and the first rule for any composer-hopeful is NO MELODY! Melody is sentimentality; sentimentality is gushing; gushing is too reflective of the bygone days of Romanticism and Rachmaninoff. The order of the day is always looking forward, not backward.

There’s only one problem with all this and it’s a gigantic one: to paraphrase the immortal words of lyricist, Oscar Hammerstein–”We’ve gone about as fer as we can go” and then some. Personally, I can’t envision a composer breaking any new barriers or exploring any new frontiers. They’ve already been broken; they’ve already been explored by hundreds of composers. In a nutshell, and this is my own opinion, any composing from now on is either going to be stagnant or regressive. I mean when you’ve got computers doing the composing for you and a score looks more like an electrician’s schematic than music notes I think there’s a problem.

This is not even taking into account the fact that roughly 90% of everything being written is for small ensemble of not more than 10 players. Why? The short and simple of it is expense; it’s very expensive to mount a new symphony of the grandeur of a Mahler’s “Symphony of a Thousand”–so expensive in fact that I doubt it could be done in today’s era of budgetary cuts to orchestras, even if the symphony were written by an established composer.

That’s on the one hand. On the other is what I alluded to earlier–that a group of very powerful and influential foundations, boards of directors of orchestras, musicians, etc absolutely do not want any music they premiere to smack an iota of Romanticism or sentimentality or melody.

So a budding composer has two paths before him/her. One to the atonal world, the other to the tonal. If a composer is smart they’ll go for the former to keep this powerful lobby happy. If they choose the latter they have signed their death warrant as a composer. There’s no hope they will ever succeed in their endeavors. Proof? Show me a composer today who writes neo-Romantically like Rachmaninoff and is successful.

So if I may continue my metaphor of gambling here’s how a typical scenario plays out. A gambler goes to Las Vegas (or “Lost Wages” as they not-so-affectionately call it). He can play for high stakes on the roulette wheel and bet 0/00 and walk home wearing a wine barrel. Or he can bet red/black and if he can stay consistent walk away with a few bucks in his pocket. If the reader is not following me let me spell it out. The red/black play is the composer who chooses to follow the herd and tread the territory already being tread by thousands of other post-modern composers at this very moment. The 0/00 player is the one who says, “Enough of this formless, melody-less, non-tonality. I’m going to write something I think the people want to hear, not what the establishment wants me to write!”

But composers take his path at their peril. The haute couture will stop at nothing to stop this composer from ever achieving anything remotely resembling success. Remember the golden rule: NO MELODY; FORWARD, NOT BACKWARD!

Which finally leads me to myself after a long-winded introduction:

I wrote two piano concertos in 2011 and 2013 to fulfill a promise I made to myself as a young piano student that I would write a piano concerto and then premiere it much in the same way Rachmaninoff did with his 2nd, my intention being to launch a career as a composer, pianist, & conductor. Well, fate had other plans—a severe finger injury grounded me as a pianist at 19 and I never wrote that concerto. Instead, I entered the business world for number of years. The dream eventually faded, though it apparently had been lying dormant somewhere underneath my psyche in the intervening decades. In the meantime, to keep my music skills alive and because I enjoyed it immensely I read orchestral scores as leisure reading–analyzing how great composers achieved the sounds they were after; the different combinations of instruments they used. Then one day a few years ago an innocuous tune just popped into my mind. The old dream bubbling beneath the surface of my consciousness suddenly surfaced and I finally committed myself to writing that piano concerto, which became the No.1 in F# Minor Opus 1. Although the reception was enthusiastic I later came to realize that my First Concerto was not the concerto I had always wanted to write. The Piano Concerto No 2 in C Minor Opus 2 is that concerto.

It is unabashedly romantic. It has melody. And it commits the greatest sin of all, it looks backward, not forward–to that great tradition of the late 19th century when form and melody meant something and didn’t provoke an explosion of laughter or bitter derision. Which is why the music industry will make sure it languishes. Whether or not it’s any good is irrelevant. The point is it’s carrying the classical music world in a direction the industry doesn’t want the classical music world to go.

Many listeners have been very kind to me. Here are some of the comments they have left on my various videos of the concerto. Note I didn’t solicit these nor did I make any up. I can verify every last comment as authentic:

“…the [main] theme sounds absolutely epic. I think this almost reaches the level of Rachmaninoff’s Piano Concert No. 2 ”
“…this equals if not beats the Saint-Saëns G-Minor Piano Concerto.”
“…probably one of the best “romantic” piano concertos of the XXIst century…”
” I was blown away by your piano concerto. The composition is brilliant! ”
” This is so amazing I only realized my jaw had dropped five minutes after the concerto started. ”
” I love the orchestration and the virtuosic piano passages. +5 ”
” Beautiful harmonies…The overall energy of the [last] movement is fantastic!”
” I was so enthralled by the opening movement that I just listened to the whole piece at once. ”
” A masterpiece. ”
” OMG!!! did you compose this??! It completely amazed me from the first seconds. It’s like a Rachmaninoff concerto, but it’s still your style, your creation. I loved it. Thank you”
” I could listen to it 100 times.”
“…this sounds simply brilliant. ”
“…I’m just amazed! Beautiful sir! well done! ”
“…let me thank you for this piece. ”
” I have to say I love your piano concerto!”
” A masterpiece! – beautiful work!”
” It’s a great concerto. BRAVOOOOOOOOOOO!!! ”
” Beautiful!! Bravissimo!! ”
” Your concerto is awesome!! ”
” This is really awesome! ”
” Wow!! Just Wow!! Two thumbs up!! ”
“…let me thank you for this piece. ”

Dr. Darrel Ray, a noted psychologist and author wrote me this note. I have his permission to quote it:

Joe, I am a big lover of Rachmaninoff as well. I just bought and listened to your concerto THREE TIMES in one sitting. That is what I do for a Rach #3 or #2. I don’t even do that for Grieg, Beethoven or Saint-Sans. I am just in awe of what you have done. I really hope you get a premier. As an author of 4 books I know how difficult it is to get people to pay attention to your work when you have no visibility in a particular field. I have done it twice, successfully, but it took a lot of perseverance. You have a wonderful piece that sure got my attention. I have posted my comments on Facebook and everywhere else I can. I want my classical music friends to hear this. I have no connections in the music world, but feel free to use my comments as a very well educated listener and consumer of classical music. I wish you all the best and hope when you get that premier, I will be in a position to come and hear it. Please put me on any mailing list you may have XXXX@XXXXXX. By the way I found your piece while listening and watching the Rach #2 on Youtube with Anna Fedrova. Your comments and reference to your own work got me curious. I thought to myself, “This guy has a lot of chutzpah, comparing himself to Rachmaninoff, he is either a total lunatic or has something I should at least listen to.” I am a psychologist, I doubt if you are a lunatic! but you are sure a hell of a composer.

Dr. Darrel Ray

Publically he wrote on Soundcloud:

Darrel Ray says at 7:34:

I am astounded at this piece. I only wish it could be performed by a major orchestra and pianist. I love Rachmaninoff, but Joe Townley meets him head on with this piece. Most of my life, I have wondered, “Where are the Mozarts, Beethovens, Rachmaninoff’s? They can’t all be writing Rock music and Broadway shows. I know they are out there, but in the clash of music cultures, romantic and classical has been lost. This concerto is among the best. I hope it finds its way in to the repetoire. It is just too good. It deserves to stand by the Rach 2.

So it appears to me there’s something of a market out there for this kind of music. Sadly, it will get no support or encouragement from the bigwigs at the top. And I’ve resigned myself to the fact my concerto will never have that grand premiere with Lang Lang at the keyboard and Gustav Dudamel at the helm of the Los Angeles Phil. That’s life. But I do hope that more people like Dr. Ray speak up and shout, “Enough is enough! We want something with melody. We want a composer who writes something that touches our hearts and moves us to tears.” I am not that composer, I have to admit. But I hope my concerto maybe is a catalyst that encourages another composer with real talent, even genius to take that latter path I spoke of earlier. In the end I think if enough people with influence spoke up the music Bourgeoisie would be forced to listen.

Here’s is my concerto. Judge for yourselves. If it deserves scorn definitely deliver it. But if you find yourself liking it kindly leave a comment and share on your favorite social media outlet:

Video with complete orchestra score (lower-quality audio due to screen capture degeneration)


More superior audio w/o score:


In any case thank you for your time

Warmest Regards,

J Joe Townley


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Basics of specific music effects in the brain.

In the brain, we know that everything connects to everything else, quite literally from front to back and from top to bottom. Only a small number of activities create as many network interconnections as music, from intellectual functions to motor operations. We are not certain which came first, language or music, though it is safe to say both most likely developed with and from each other. Sonic interactions with emotions are familiar to any listener. As a result we have been charting the development of auditory processing that provides keys to assist with dementia,stroke, Alzheimer’s, learning and attention disorders. The study cited below notes some benefits and possibilities.

Examining neural plasticity and cognitive benefit through the unique lens of musical training.
Moreno S1, Bidelman GM2. Hear Res. 2014 Feb;308:84-97. doi: 10.1016/j.heares.2013.09.012.

Abstract. Recent studies indicate that music training provides robust, long-lasting biological benefits to auditory function. Importantly, the behavioral advantages conferred by musical experience extend beyond simple enhancements to perceptual abilities and even impact non-auditory functions necessary for higher-order aspects of cognition (e.g., working memory, intelligence). Collectively, preliminary findings indicate that alternative forms of arts engagement (e.g., visual arts training) may not yield such widespread enhancements, suggesting that music expertise uniquely taps and refines a hierarchy of brain networks subserving a variety of auditory as well as domain-general cognitive mechanisms. We infer that transfer from specific music experience to broad cognitive benefit might be mediated by the degree to which a listener’s musical training tunes lower- (e.g., perceptual) and higher-order executive functions, and the coordination between these processes. Ultimately, understanding the broad impact of music on the brain will not only provide a more holistic picture of auditory processing and plasticity, but may help inform and tailor remediation and training programs designed to improve perceptual and cognitive benefits in human listeners. PMID: 24079993 [PubMed


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